black eye-stripe above white face; long bill (Luxembourg; 2007-10-21)

Eurasian Nuthatch
Sitta europaea

Native Range: Eurasia

Notes: the most common and widespread nuthatch in the Old World; climbs right-side up and upside-down on tree trunks and major limbs; nests in adopted tree cavities, usually walling up the nest hole with mud; no sexual dimorphism.

dorsal view; blue-grey upperparts; short tail (Luxembourg; 2007-10-21)

rufous flanks; climbs on tree trunks and limbs (Luxembourg; 2007-10-21)

a duller specimen from northern Europe (Poland; 2012-06-01)

birds in northern Europe are duller with pale breast (Poland; 2012-06-01)