black cap and bib; greyish underparts; wingbars (Portugal; 2006-05-30)

Coal Tit
Periparus ater

Native Range: Eurasia

Notes: a white nape patch helps to distinguish this small parid from similar-appearing relatives such as the Willow Tit and Marsh Tit; common in coniferous, mixed, and deciduous woodland, often entering suburban parks and gardens; no sexual dimorphism.

white face patch extends onto nape (Portugal; 2006-05-30)

small size; grey upperparts; perky attitude (Portugal; 2006-05-30)