jet-black plumage; blue eye-ring; pale yellow bill (Panama; 2008-06-08)

Subtropical Cacique
Cacicus uropygialis

Native Range: Latin America

Notes: this species is part of a closely related complex of "scarlet-rumped" cacique populations whose taxonomic status is somewhat controversial; forages in the canopy in small flocks; no sexual dimorphism apart from body size.

dorsal view showing just a hint of the scarlet rump (Panama; 2008-06-08)

ventral view (Panama; 2008-06-08)

usually stays high in trees (Panama; 2008-06-08)