adult male; yelow forehead, throat, and underparts (Panama; 2008-05-21)

Thick-billed Euphonia
Euphonia laniirostris

Native Range: Latin America

Notes: euphonias and chlorophonias are tropical finches; members of the genus Euphonia (of which there are nearly 30 species) are small birds that often display yellow-and-black-patterned plumages.

black upperparts; dark nearly conical bill (Panama; 2008-05-21)

black face and nape as well as upperparts (Panama; 2008-05-21)

female; drab olive-yellow plumage all over (Panama; 2008-05-21)

juvenile male; not yet black upperparts (Panama; 2008-05-21)