adult male (Oregon, USA; 2010-11-24)

Spotted Towhee
Pipilo maculatus

Native Range: North America and Middle America

Notes: the western counterpart of the Eastern Towhee in the USA. but shows more spotting on wings and back; little sexual dimorphism except that female is darkish gray where the male is black; a common inhabitant of brushy habits; hops rather than walks; does a repeated 'double-scratch' back-kick when foraging on the ground.

frontal view; black chest, white belly (Oregon, USA; 2010-11-24)

eating a snowberry; white-spotted wings (California, USA; 2006-03-18)

female; dark gray rather that jet black (California, USA; 2009-04-12)

male; white spots on tail also (California, USA; 2009-04-12)

rufous sides, red iris (California, USA; 2010-11-25)

forages on ground (California, USA; 2006-03-18)

posing for body portrait (California, USA; 2007-05-05)