adult; no sexual dimorphism (California, USA; 2007-09-29)

California Towhee
Pipilo crissalis

Native Range: North America

Notes: the western counterpart of Canyon Towhee from more interior regions of the USA; a large drab sparrow; mostly dull brown except for areas of rufous on undertail coverts, upper chest area, and throat; forages on ground (hopping rather than walking) in chaparral and dense brush.

mostly drab brownish overall (California, USA; 2007-09-29) showing off rufous under-tail coverts (California, USA; 2009-01-25)
light orange on throat and around eye (California, USA; 2006-10-15) red-brown iris; conical sharp bill (California, USA; 2009-01-25)
showing all relevant body parts (California, USA; 2009-01-25) posing for a portrait (California, USA; 2007-09-29)