female; yellowish wash below (Luxembourg; 2007-10-16)

Emberiza citrinella

Native Range: Eurasia

Notes: male bright yellow underneath, female less so; inhabits farmlands, hedgerows, and forest edges; the nest is built of sticks and grasses and is placed in a hollow on the ground.

dorsal view; streaked brown upperparts (Luxembourg; 2007-10-16)

white outer tail feathers; thin buffy eye-ring (Luxembourg; 2007-10-16)

male; bright yellow below; chestnut on breast, flanks (Poland; 2012-06-26)

mestlings in nest on the ground (Poland; 2012-06-26)

female holding a worm (Poland; 2012-06-26)

male singing; note the black facial lines (Poland; 2012-06-26)