all glossy-black plumage; heavy bill (Luxembourg; 2007-10-18)

Carrion Crow
Corvus corone

Native Range: Eurasia

Notes: this all-black crow of western Europe is very closely related to the Hooded Crow of Eastern Europe and regions eastward across much of the the rest of Eurasia; indeed, these two species hybridize in zones of contact across central Europe; walks or sidles in ungainly fashion while foraging on the ground; common and widespread across many habitat types.

bird in flight (Luxembourg; 2007-10-18)

dorsal view; slightly wedge-shaped tail (Luxembourg; 2007-10-18)

unlike Rook, shows no white on face (Luxembourg; 2007-10-18)

larger-bodied than Western Jackdaw (Luxembourg; 2007-10-18)